European Languages List

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Following is a European languages list. Europe is a continent of many different languages, cultures and sceneries – and this variation is of course partly what makes it so fascinating and enjoyable to visit and why so many people enjoy going there on holiday. However at the same time it can also make things difficult if you don’t know what the local customs are, or which language they speak – and this can be particularly challenging for travelers going between multiple European countries. Here is a European languages list to help you know which lingo to use no matter where you are in Europe.

 

European Languages List

Albania    Albanian (Shqip, Tosk (Toskë) is the official dialect)
Andorra    Catalan
Austria    German, Slovene (official in Carinthia), Croatian and Hungarian (official in Burgenland)
Belarus    Belarusian, Russian
Belgium    Dutch 60%, French 40%, German less than 1%
Bosnia & Herzegovina    Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Bulgaria    Bulgarian
Croatia    Croatian (hrvatski)
Cyprus    Greek, Turkish, English
Czech Republic    Czech (cestina)
Denmark    Danish (dansk)
Estonia    Estonian (eesti keel)
Faroe Islands    Faroese, Danish
Finland    Finnish (suomi) 93.4%, Swedish 5.9%
France    French (français)
Germany    German (Deutsch)
Gibraltar    English
Greece    Greek (elliniká, the Koine-Demotic version)
Greenland    Greenlandic Inuktitut (Kalaallisut), Danish
Hungary    Hungarian (magyar)
Iceland    Icelandic
Ireland    Irish (Gaeilge), English (generally used),
Italy    Italian (italiano)
Latvia    Latvian (latviesu valoda)
Liechtenstein    German
Lithuania    Lithuanian (lietuviu kalba)
Luxembourg    Luxembourgish (LÎtzebuergesch, the everyday spoken language), French (administrative language), German (administrative language)
Macedonia, Rep. of    Macedonian 68%, Albanian 25%
Malta    Maltese (Malti)
Moldova    Moldovan (virtually the same as the Romanian language),
Monaco    French
Montenegro    Serbo-Croatian (Ijekavian dialect – official)
Netherlands    Dutch (Nederlands, official language), Frisian (official language)
Norway    Norwegian (nynorsk and bokmal)
Poland    Polish (polski)
Portugal    Portuguese (português)
Romania    Romanian (romana)
Russian Federation    Russian
San Marino    Italian
Serbia    Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%
Slovakia    Slovak (slovensky jazyk)
Slovenia    Slovenian (slovenski jezik)
Spain    Spanish (español – the Castilian version) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%
Sweden    Swedish (svenska)
Switzerland    German 63.7%, French 19.2%, Italian 7.6%, Romansch 0.6%
Turkey    Turkish (türkçe)
Ukraine    Ukrainian
United Kingdom    English
Vatican City State    Latin, Italian