Ukraine and Russia’s Militaries Comparison: From Ground Troops To Combat Aircraft


The Ukrainian armed forces are still outnumbered and outgunned by Russia’s armed forces, (almost 5 to 1) despite the fact that the Western has provided financial and military assistance.

Heavy-armed Russian troops are approaching Ukraine’s capital, Kyiv, and US officials have warned that the city might collapse within days if such a situation continues. 

As the Russian invasion entered the sixth day, US senator Chris Murphy claimed that Russia’s military is preparing for a “long and brutal” siege of the Ukrainian capital, while Boris Johnson stated that Russian President Vladimir Putin is employing “barbaric and indiscriminate” tactics to kill civilians in Ukraine.

Recently on Tuesday, as a massive Russian military parade approached Kyiv, Ukrainian authorities said that more than 70 Ukrainian personnel had been killed by a Russian rocket attack and that dozens of civilians had been slain in “inhumane” bombardment.

Russia and Ukraine have these divergent military capabilities that Ukraine’s defiant president, Volodymyr Zelensky, appealed to his Western partners overnight to do more than slap sanctions to get Russian troops off Ukrainian territory. 

Here’s how the military capabilities of the two countries compare.

Russia Vs Ukraine Power Comparison

By air, missiles, and ground forces, Russia began an onslaught against Ukraine’s military infrastructure and major cities that included many attacks. In the aftermath, Ukraine was forced to mount a multi-pronged defense, arguing that its slenderness only served to exacerbate their inferiority. 

Ukraine was unprepared for war when Russia invaded Crimea in 2014. There was a dearth of personnel, equipment and training to counter Russian assault by the Atlantic Council. The bulk of its stocks were Soviet-era commodities, with a few weapons thrown in for good measure. Ukraine has been attempting to modernize its military for the past few years, but years of mismanagement have made it tough. 

Never imagined it would be so simple to deal with Russian wars, as this is far more complicated than something like the minecraft bedwars, where players can choose from a variety of different bedwars servers.

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Defense spending

The disparity between defense spending in the two countries is immediately apparent. According to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) publication “The Military Balance,” Ukraine spent $4.7 billion in 2021, less than a tenth of Russia’s $45.8 billion in nuclear-armed defense spending. 


The Russian military has 850,000 active personnel, and 2 million in reserve, whilst Ukraine has 200,000 active personnel and 900,000 in reserve. According to IISS, Ukraine began conscripting reservists between the ages of 18 and 60 on Wednesday.

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Russia has a two-to-one edge over Ukraine’s land forces. In addition, its air force has 165,00 personnel compared to Ukraine’s 35,000. According to Yohann Michel, a research analyst who collaborated on the IISS assessment, Russia has an estimated 200,000 troops in and around Ukraine, which is a significant number.

Weaponry and vehicles 

There have been a number of western nations that have stepped in to assist Ukraine in strengthening its military capabilities. From anti-tank missiles to Humvees and sniper rifles, to reconnaissance drones and radar systems, the United States has supplied over $2.5 billion (£1.87 billion) in military aid since 2014.

Kyiv received numerous deliveries of Bayraktar TB2 drones from Turkey while the United Kingdom provided 2,000 short-range anti-tank missiles to Ukraine in January and dispatched British experts to provide training. 

Ukraine currently has the following weapons and their functions are listed below: 

  • Next Generation Light Anti-tank Weapon

What are the functions? The UK has provided Ukraine with 2,000 of these anti-tank missiles. The inertial navigation system allows it to travel at a top speed of 440 mph to a designated location.

  • Javelin Anti-tank Guided Missiles

Their purpose is to eliminate the need for personnel to aim because the anti-tank missiles employ infrared technology to lock on to their targets. Prior to contact with a target, the missile can fly up to 490 feet into the air before returning to earth.

  • Bayraktar TB2 drones 

What they’re used for is as follows: Turkish-made drones are capable of flying for up to 24 hours at an altitude of 24,000 feet (7,300 meters) and carrying a capacity of up to 330 lbs (150kg). 

With a maximum height of five miles, it is capable of conducting aerial attacks against tanks and bunkers while avoiding hostile machine guns. The drone can also travel even if it loses contact with the GPS satellites; however, it is not known whether they have been used in Ukraine

Air Forces Comparison

In accordance with the Flight International 2022 World Air Forces database, Ukraine’s Air Force is comprised of 210 military aircraft, with 98 of them being combat aircraft. These include MiG-29 fighters built in the Soviet Union as well as three different models of Sukhoi jets (Su-27, Su-25, and Su-24) 

With the current trending on Twitter, “The Ghost of Kyiv” as he is known to have brought down 6 Russian jets since the invasion began and claims an ‘ACE’ for the first time for the Mig-29 since World War 2 (WWii).

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Ukrainians in these terrible times can take heart from this tale, which talks of the military’s valiant battle against the Russian invasion and the ascension to folk herodom of one exceptionally gifted fighter pilot, in order to boost morale and perform psychological gimmicks on themselves. Truthfulness, on the other hand, continues to be unanswered whether it’s real or fake.

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How about Russia? Being one of the world’s fighter aircraft producers and manufacturers, Russia has a substantially larger military airforce than Ukraine, with active aircraft totaling 3,863 according to the database, and over 15 times as many combat planes as Ukraine according to Flight International’s database. 

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Russia with the SU-57, the fifth-generation fighter aircraft alongside other varieties of Sukhoi variation, are gunbattle to the Ukrainian Airforce.